Jaap de Zwaan
Jaap de Zwaan is a Dutch emeritus professor of European Union Law. He started his professional career as a member of the The Hague Bar. Later he worked for a period of 19 years for the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs in The Hague (European Integration Department and Legal Service) and Brussels (Permanent Representation of the Netherlands at the EU). In 1998 Jaap de Zwaan was appointed full time professor of European Union Law at Erasmus University Rotterdam. Apart from his activities as European law professor, he served his Law School as Vice-Dean for International Affairs and as Dean. In the period mid-2005 until mid-2011 De Zwaan was Director of the Netherlands Institute of International Relations, 'Clingendael', a think tank as well as diplomatic academy. In May 2011 he returned to Erasmus University Rotterdam. In the period mid-2012 until mid-2017 De Zwaan has also been active, on a part-time basis, as Professor European Integration at the The Hague University of Applied Sciences. Until the present day Jaap de Zwaan is still active in various fields related to European Union law and policies.